5-Fluorouracil induces plasmonic coupling in gold nanospheres: new generation of chemotherapeutic agents

Title5-Fluorouracil induces plasmonic coupling in gold nanospheres: new generation of chemotherapeutic agents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMohamed, MB, Adbel-Ghani, NT, El-Borady, OM, El-Sayed, MA
JournalJ. Nanomed. Nanotechnol.
Date Published//
Type of Article10.4172/2157-7439.1000146
ISBN Number2157-7439

Loading 5- Fluorouracil (5-FU) into gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) could enhance its activity as anticancer drug hugely by enhancing its ability for penetration through the cell membrane. Accordingly, this work is devoted to loading 5-FU into AuNPs surface and studying the binding mechanism of the drug to the surface of the gold nanoparticles. Our finding indicates that new absorption band appears at longer wavelength upon loading 5-FU into gold nanospheres capped with citrate. This near IR band is due to induced surface plasmon coupling via hydrogen bonding between 5-FU and surface capping AuNPs. This leads to great enhancement of the drug action as chemotherapeutic as well as photothermal agents. Factors which affect the binding between 5-FU and the AuNPs such as pH, time after mixing the drug with AuNPs, concn. of the 5-FU, have been studied in detail. Accordingly, the binding interaction is proven to be via hydrogen bonding. Upon the investigation of thermal and photo satiability, the formed composite 5-FU@ AuNPs showed high stability towards these factors. The spectral and morphol. studies were measured via UV-VIS spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM). Remarkable increases in the drug anticancer activity upon loading into AuNPs were obsd. for the cell viability test of human colon cancer (HCT16). [on SciFinder(R)]