Synthesis and Optical Properties of Small Au Nanorods Using a Seedless Growth Technique

TitleSynthesis and Optical Properties of Small Au Nanorods Using a Seedless Growth Technique
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsAli, MRK, Snyder, B, El-Sayed, MA
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0743-7463
Accession NumberWOS:000305661400075

Gold nanoparticles have shown potential in photothermal cancer therapy and optoelectronic technology. In both applications, a call for small size nanorods is warranted. In the present work, a one-pot seedless synthetic technique has been developed to prepare relatively small monodisperse gold nanorods with average dimensions (length x width) of 18 x 4.5 nm, 25 x 5 nm, 15 x 4.5 nm, and 10 x 2.5 nm. In this method, the pH was found to play a crucial role in the monodispersity of the nanorods when the NaBH4 concentration of the growth solution was adjusted to control the reduction rate of the gold ions. At the optimized pH and NaBH4 concentrations, smaller gold nanorods were produced by adjusting the CTAB concentration in the growth solution. In addition, the concentration of silver ions in the growth solution was found to be pivotal in controlling the aspect ratio of the nanorods. The extinction coefficient values for the small gold nanorods synthesized with three different aspect ratios were estimated using the absorption spectra, size distributions, and the atomic spectroscopic analysis data. The previously accepted relationships between the extinction coefficient or the longitudinal band wavelength values and the nanorods' aspect ratios found for the large nanorods do not extend to the small size domain reported in the present work. The failure of extending these relationships over larger sizes is a result of the interaction of light with the large rods giving an extinction band which results mostly from scattering processes while the extinction of the small nanorods results from absorption processes.